Accidents have the potential to happen in just about any workplace, and in some they are a definite and ever-present risk. Under the law, employees have some very strict rights relating to accidents, both in terms of protection from injury and in terms of what they can do and expect if an accident should occur.
Accident Books and Reporting
All but the smallest of employers are required to record all accidents, even minor ones, in an accident book. The relation of this to employee rights is twofold. Firstly, it ensures that there is a record of the accident for reference if it later results in the employee having to exercise their rights, for example by taking time off or claiming compensation. Secondly, this is arguably an employee right in itself; a right to have any accident recorded as possible future evidence.
For similar reasons, employers are also under an obligation to report all accidents. Every accident in the workplace must be reported by the employer to the relevant local authority’s department of Health and Safety. This duty is enshrined in regulation, specifically the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurences Regulations or RIDDOR. It is the employer’s responsibility to make this report, though many workers prefer to make sure that their accidents have been reported properly.
If you have to take time off because of an accident at work that has left you injured or sick, in most cases you will only have an automatic right to receive Statutory Sick Pay. Individual employers may have policies in place to provide additional pay to people who have to take time off because of accidents that have happened in the course of their work. You may also be able to negotiate an individual arrangement with your employer to receive additional pay since the injury was acquired through your work.
If you have suffered an accident at work and your employer was at fault, you will also have the legal right to claim compensation. Your employer was at fault if they were negligent in any way, such as not observing proper health and safety procedure or failing to take proper steps to mitigate specific dangers, and this was the cause of your accident. Financial compensation is designed to both make up for any financial loss incurred, for example by having to take time off work, as well as to compensate you for pain and distress caused by the injury.